Real Property Taxes in Germany 2020
Every property owner has to pay property taxes in Germany. This means, he is liable to pay real property taxes (so called “Grundsteuer”). Moreover the tax rate depends on the type of property he owns. In other words the taxes are sorted into two distinct categories.
- Real property tax “A”: Real property used for agriculture and forestry.
- Real property tax “B”: Constructible real property or real property with buildings.
Real Property Tax Rate 2020
The real property tax burden in Germany is calculated by multiplying
- the assessed value of the real property
- the real property tax rate
- the municipal multiplier
So the assessed “real property Taxes in Germany 2020” value is determined by the tax authorities according to the German Assessment Code (Bewertungsgesetz). With this in mind, the German Assessment Code refers to historical property values which are usually significantly lower than the current market value.
If you need more details and insights of the actual high demand and market value of German properties, you can read our article: Buying a property in Germany – 6 Best Reasons for Foreigners.
Therefore the real property tax rate depends on the type of real property. As an example the tax rate is 2.6‰ (0.26 percent) for property used for (semi-) detached houses with a value of up to EUR 60,000. Further for all remaining houses the tax is 3.5 ‰ (0.35 percent); including commercially used real property.
Similar to the municipal multiplier in the trade tax case, the municipal multiplier to real property tax is stipulated by each municipality separately. Consequently municipalities determine a multiplier for both real property tax “A” and real property tax “B”. Usually the rate for “B” being much higher as you can see in our list.
Determining Burden of
Property Taxes in Germany 2020
To clarify the real property tax burden for a commercial building in a municipality with an average real property tax “B” collection rate of 350 percent:
|Assessed Value||EUR 1,000,000 (e.g.)|
|x Basic property tax rate||x 0.35 percent|
|x Muncipial multiplier “B”||x 350 percent|
|= Property tax burden||= EUR 12,250|
Real Property Transfer Tax
Therefore when domestic real estate is sold or changes the owner, a one-time real property transfer tax (Grunderwerbssteuer) of the purchase price is levied. In conclusion this means, real property transfer tax is usually paid by the buyer. Above all his tax rate varies from federal state to federal state in Germany.
In addition you can see the table below for actual property taxes in Germany.
Real Property Transfer Tax Rates in the Respective Federal States 2020
In addition real property transfer tax also applies to a real property-owning partnership, if 95 percent of the shareholders change within five years. After that, if you need further details on property taxes in Germany you can follow this link to a good article from Wikipedia.
Or simple get in contact with us.
Questions and Feedback
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